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Putting information on the internet is easy and can be done by anyone with an internet connection. If you are using a website as a source in your paper or project, you need to think critically about where that information is coming from.
Use the CRAAP Test to find credible, current, and relevant information online.
Questions to ask...
When was the information published or posted?
Has the information been revised or updated?
Is the information current or out-of-date for your topic?
Are the links functional or dead?
Does the information relate to your topic or answer your research question?
Who is the intended audience?
Is the information written at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or too advanced for your needs)
Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
What are the author's credentials or affiliations?
What are the author's qualifications to write on this topic?
Is there contact information provided, such as a publisher or email address?
Does the URL reveal anything about the source?
.gov (U.S. government
.org (nonprofit organization)
Is the information supported by evidence?
Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
Does the language or tone seem biased?
Are there spelling or grammatical errors?
What is the purpose of the information?
Do the authors make their intentions or purpose clear?
Is the information fact? Opinion? Propaganda?
Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases?
Evaluate Websites using the CRAAP Test
Currency: The timeliness of the information.
Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.
Authority: The source of the information.
Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.