Skip to main content

GEOL 3124: Sedimentology: Welcome

Research Guide


mill pond

Topic: Historic and current millponds on sedimentation in the Piedmont of the Eastern United States.

Walter and Merritts: Natural Streams and the Legacy of Water-Powered Mills

Wegmann: Historic mill ponds and piedmont stream water quality

Search Terms

Your class is investigating the millponds locally, especially North Carolina.

Some search terminology to consider:

  • "mill pond" or "millpond" or "mill ponds"
  • Cabarrus County
  • North Carolina
  • sediment* 
  • sedimentation and sandstone
  • ​"grist mill" or "cotton mill" or "textile mill" or "paper mill" or "mill creek"

Developing Keywords

As you get started with your initial research, think about your topic of interest and create a set of keywords that you can use in searching. A good resource to help with this process is the thesaurus included in many online databases. 

Keep adding to this list as you continue your research: when you find an article or abstract that relates to your topic, take a few moments to look at the terms it uses for your concepts. If there are new ways of stating the concepts, add them to the list to ensure that your literature searches will be comprehensive.

Trial and Error

Remember that no matter how well you know your field (or how familiar you are with the resources you are using) trial and error is a major part of this process. If your initial searches find too many results, either combine multiple keywords with AND between them or try to think of ways to make your terms more specific and precise. If you initial searches find too few results, think of ways to make your terms more general, or combine similar concepts using OR.

Earth Sciences Databases

General Library Information

Citation Guides

General Information
about Citing in GSA Style

The Geological Society of America is the citation style sometimes used by the Earth Sciences department at UNC Charlotte.

The full details of its requirements are available at the online GSA Reference Guidelines (PDF). (also: Figure Guidelines & Table Guidelines)


EndNote is bibliographic management software.  Users create "libraries" of citations with EndNote.  When writing a paper, EndNote is used to format bibliographies and references in various styles.  Many of the library's databases can export citations to an EndNote Library.

Subject Librarian