On the night of February 8, 1968, South Carolina Highway Patrolmen fired into a group of civil rights protesters at South Carolina State University in Orangeburg, South Carolina leaving twenty-seven injured and three dead. Students for ACTION held a vigil for the victims on the eve of the first anniversary of what became known as the “Orangeburg Massacre.” UA0101.
Request from "The Black Caucus UNCC" to have a black flag at half mast to mourn the Orangeburg Massacre victims. UA0101.
"Because of the mood of the country with the Black Panther Party and race riots developed soon after that, there was a fear element. And so we were more feared, because... everybody else assumed that we were a violent organization when we weren't." - transcript, Ronald R. Caldwell oral history interview, May 31, 2005.
In December 1968, civil rights activist Stokely Carmichael came to UNC Charlotte to give a speech in the John Paul Lucas Room of the Cone University Center. Carmichael was invited to campus by Students for ACTION (Active Committee for Truth, Individualism, Opportunity, Now), but Carmichael's ties to organizations like the Black Panther Party made the choice to bring him to campus as a speaker a controversial one. Rumors surfaced that white guests would be barred from attending the speech, but Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs Bonnie Cone intervened, diffusing a tense situation. UA0026.
See also: Sherrill, Walt. "Carmichael Advocates Black Pride." Carolina Journal 4, no. (1968): 2, 6. UA0014.
A February 24, 1969 "Statement to the Press" from the black students at UNCC, requesting a Black Student Union.
A list of the ten demands hand delivered to the Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs, Bonnie Cone, on February 26, 1969. The handwritten notes were made by Cone in regards to what could, or could not be done, to address them.
A letter to Bonnie Cone from "The Black Students of UNCC" about her response to the ten demands.