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Theatre Research Guide: Research Basics

Be Organized!

Before you do anything, figure out how you will organize your research and citations. Some suggestions:

Dropbox is a cloud based storage solution. You can access your files anywhere (as long as you have an internet connection).  First 2GB free!

Google Docs can be used to store notes and ideas, to create a presentation, and to share documents - and it can be accessed wherever you have an internet connection. This is a link to the UNCC instance of Google Docs - if you are already logged into your gmail account, log out (or use a different browser) or it gets confusing.

EndNote is a bibliographic citation management software. UNCC has licenses for EndNote available to all students. Don't know how to use it? Take EndNote101 at the Library for free!

Zotero is a free open-source citation management tool that lets you save articles, websites, and other materials. There are useful tutorials for getting starting and maximizing this resource. Zotero needs to be installed on your computer. 

Citations help you find information and images again - check out the UNCC citation guide HERE.

Theatre Writing Resources

Writing Resources

Research Tips

Break up sentences or long phrases into separate search terms. Write down initial search term ideas. Add to this list as you search and encounter other potential search terms. Cross off terms that are not working. If you are a visual thinker, try using a method like concept mapping.

Ands, Ors, and Nots
Combine search terms with these connecting words (called Boolean Operators). Use AND to narrow a search and OR to broaden a search. Use NOT to exclude a term from your search.

Preliminary research
Do not assume that there will be a lot of information on your topic. You may need to narrow or broaden your search to find things related to your topic. Doing early preliminary research will give you time to revise your topic if needed.

Focus on scholarly sources
Use primarily scholarly (peer-reviewed) sources. These sources are typically not freely available on the Web and cannot be found using Google. Many of the Library databases provide scholarly resources online.

Books vs. Articles
Books may be helpful for background information and for familiarizing yourself with a topic. Articles can provide more current information and typically address a narrower piece of a topic. The scope of your assignment, and your own understanding of the topic, will determine which resources are best.

Keep a search log
Keep track of which sources and search terms work best for your topic, and which ones do not.

Cite as you go
Even if you are not sure whether you will use a source, it is much easier to note the citation information up front. Not only will this mean you are ready to quickly do your bibliography, if you need the article or book again you will have all of the information you need to find it.

Subject headings
Subject headings are words or phrases used to describe the items in a database or library catalog. Knowing the terms used to describe information relevant to your topic can save you time.

Ask a Librarian!
If you are having trouble with any of these steps, or just need help getting started, contact your librarian! The interim Arts & Architecture Librarian is Renee Moorefield, you can reach her at

Scholarly Resources

It can be hard to determine if an article is scholarly or popular. Here are some things that indicate something is scholarly:

  • It is written by an expert in the field (PhD, etc).
  • The institution where the author works is listed.
  • The article includes a bibliography.
  • The journal might be described as "peer-reviewed" or "refereed"
  • The article uses speciality words or jargon unique to the field.
  • Very often, scholarly articles have an abstract at the beginning that explains what the article is about.

The 3 minute video embedded below has some great tips!

Art & Architecture Librarian

Jenna Rinalducci