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Bittersweet Harvest: The Bracero Program, 1942-1964: Exhibit and Program

This is an online educational guide including resources and lesson plans that will help you integrate the Smithsonian Institution's traveling exhibition and program into your curriculum.

The Bracero Program

Begun in 1942 as a temporary war measure to address labor needs in agriculture and the railroads, the bracero program eventually became the largest guest worker program in U.S. history. Small farmers, large growers, and farm associations in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Arkansas, and 23 other states hired Mexican braceros to provide manpower during peak harvest and cultivation times. By the time the program was canceled in 1964, an estimated 4.6 million contracts had been awarded.

THE EXHIBIT

Photos by Leonard Nadel/National Museum of American History

Bittersweet Harvest: The Bracero Program 1942-1964, a moving new bilingual exhibition organized by the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History (NMAH) and circulated by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service (SITES), examines the experiences of bracero workers and their families, providing rich insight into Mexican American history and historical background to today’s debates on guest worker programs. Consisting of 15 freestanding, illustrated banners, the exhibition combines recent scholarship, powerful photographs from the Smithsonian’s collection, and audio excerpts from oral histories contributed by former contract workers.

The exhibit will be on display from September 2 - November 12, 2017 on the first floor of Atkins Library at UNC Charlotte near the New Books Reading Area, Research Help Desk, and Guest Computers.

Getting to Atkins Library:

Parking (Cone Visitor Deck) and Map of Atkins Library

THE PROGRAM

All exhibit programs are free and open to the public! 

The following program was created in collaboration between faculty and instructors in the UNC Charlotte College of Liberal Arts & Sciences and librarians at Atkins Library.  Funding for the program is supported by Atkins Library, the College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, and the Chancellor's Diversity Challenge Fund.

Mireya LozaOpening Talk and Reception
September 14 at 5:30 p.m.
Location: Halton Reading Room, Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte

Featuring guest speaker, Mireya Loza, Smithsonian curator, and author of Defiant Braceros: How Migrant Workers Fought for Racial, Sexual, and Political Freedom. This talk will begin at 6:15 p.m.

Campus and local community organizations will be featured at the event from 5:30-6:15 during the reception.

Personal Digital Archiving Workshop
October 4 from 5:30 to 7 p.m.
Location: Atkins 125, Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte

Your friends at Atkins Library Special Collections and University Archives have scheduled a special workshop on digital archiving -- open to everyone but especially geared toward the social justice community. Our goal is to offer you a few basic strategies for personally saving your important photos, videos, documents, messages, social media posts, blogs, websites, etc. from accidental (or malicious!) loss.

We invite you to come and take the opportunity to meet with others to talk about what you want to preserve and why it's important to do so -- for your own sake, and for the historical record. A team of archivists and a legal expert will be on hand to give you some basic information you can take with you. Light refreshments will be served!

Book of Unknown Americans cover photoAuthor Talk
October 12
Location: UNC Charlotte

Cristina Enríquez, author of the selected text for the 2017 UNC Charlotte Common Reading experience, The Book of Unknown Americans, will be visiting the UNC Charlotte campus.

This visit is organized by the Common Reading selection committee.

Film Screening: The Guestworker
October 16, 2-3 p.m.
Location: Visualization Lab (2nd Floor), Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte

When President Bush and some members of Congress proposed guest worker programs as part of new immigration reform legislation, it was as though nothing like this had existed before. Yet since 1986, thousands of Mexican men have legally entered the United States to work here, because of the little known H-2A guestworker program, put in effect during the Reagan years. Filmed on both sides of the border, the documentary chronicles the life of such farm-workers while looking at the issues surrounding the program. The film focuses on a 66-year-old Mexican farmer, Candelario Moreno Gonzales, who works on the tobacco, cucumber and pepper fields of the Western Farms in North Carolina.

Trailer: The Guestworker

Talk with Latin American Coalition
October 23 at 5:30 p.m.
Location: Atkins 125, Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte

Closing Talk and Reception
November 1 at 5:30 p.m.
Location: Halton Reading Room, Atkins Library, UNC Charlotte

Featuring guest speaker, Thomas A. Arcury, Program Director of the Translational Science Institute, Director of the Center for Worker Health and Professor and Vice Chair for Research in the Department of Family and Community Medicine at Wake Forest School of Medicine.

Dr. Arcury co-edited Latino Farmworkers in the Eastern United States: Health, Safety and Justice (Springer) and has published articles in the Journal of Applied Gerontology, Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, Health Education & Behavior, Journal of Agromedicine, Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, and more.

Campus and local community organizations will be featured at the event from 5:30-6:15 during the reception.

Sponsors

Smithsonian logo

Atkins Library logo

CLAS logo

“Bittersweet Harvest: The Bracero Program, 1942-1964” is organized by the National Museum of American History and organized for travel by the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service. Funding is made possible through the Smithsonian’s Latino Center, which celebrates Latino culture, spirit and achievement in America by facilitating the development of exhibitions, research, collections and education programs.

Lesson Plans

Discover interesting lesson plans for grade levels 6-12 that can help you integrate the exhibit and the program into your curriculum.

- LESSON PLANS -

Would you like to bring your high school class to view the exhibit and/or attend the programs?  

Would you like to discuss ideas for incorporating the exhibit and program into classes, including assignments, in-class activities and extra credit opportunities for program participation?  

Please contact Atkins Librarian Amanda Binder to help coordinate your visit or to discuss ideas.

We need your feedback!  If you do incorporate the exhibit, program and/or lesson plans into your classes, please take a moment to share with us. 

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